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Синтез речи и обработка звука

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 bot :: Вт Сен 08 2009, 23:08
Вт Сен 08 2009, 23:08

Digital Speech Processing: Synthesis, And Recognition
Sadaoki Furui, Furui Furui


Over the past 50 years, digital signal processing has evolved as a major engineering discipline. The fields of signal processing have grown from the origin of fast Fourier transform and digital filter design to statistical spectral analysis and array processing, and image, audio, and multimedia processing, and shaped developments in high-performance VLSI signal processor design. Indeed, there are few fields that enjoy so many applications signal processing is everywhere in our lives.

When one uses a cellular phone, the voice is compressed, coded, and modulated using signal processing techniques. As a cruise missile winds along hillsides searching for the target, (he signal processor is busy processing the images taken along the way. When we are watching a movie in HDTV, millions of audio and video data are being sent to our homes and received with unbelievable fidelity. When scientists compare DNA samples, fast pattern recognition techniques are being used. On and on, one can see the impact of signal processing in almost every engineering and scientific discipline.

Because of the immense importance of signal processing and the fast-growing demands of business and industry, this series on signal processing serves to report up-to-date developments and advances in the field. The topics of interest include but are not limited to the following:

• Signal theory and analysis
• Statistical signal processing
• Speech and audio processing
• Image and video processing
• Multimedia signal processing and technology
• Signal processing for communications
• Signal processing architectures and VLSI design

I hope this series will provide the interested audience with high-quality, state-of-the-art signal processing literature through research monographs, edited books, and rigorously written textbooks by experts in their fields.

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 bot :: Вт Сен 08 2009, 23:17
Вт Сен 08 2009, 23:17

Speech and Language Processing: An introduction to natural language processing,
computational linguistics, and speech recognition.

Daniel Jurafsky & James H. Martin.



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 bot :: Вт Сен 08 2009, 23:29
Вт Сен 08 2009, 23:29

Foundations of Statistical Natural Language Processing
Christopher D. Manning and Hinrich Schütze




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 bot :: Вт Сен 08 2009, 23:37
Вт Сен 08 2009, 23:37

Natural Language Processing and Text Mining
Anne Kao and Stephen R. Poteet




Table of Contents
1 Overview
2 Extracting Product Features and Opinions from Reviews
3 Extracting Relations from Text:
From Word Sequences to Dependency Paths
4 Mining Diagnostic Text Reports by Learning to Annotate Knowledge Roles
5 A Case Study in Natural Language Based Web Search Giovanni Marchisio, Navdeep Dhillon, Jisheng Liang,
6 Evaluating Self-Explanations in SSTART:
Word Matching. Latent Semantic Analysis, and Topic Models
7 Textual Signatures: Identifying Text-Types Using Latent Semantic Analysis to Measure the Cohesion of Text Structures
8 Automatic Document Separation:
A Combination of Probabilistic Classification
and Finite-State Sequence Modeling
9 Evolving Explanatory Novel Patterns for Seniantically-Based Text Mining
10 Handling of Imbalanced Data in Text Classification: Category-Based Term Weights
11 Automatic Evaluation of Ontologies
12 Linguistic Computing with UNIX Tools

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 bot :: Чт Сен 10 2009, 21:35
Чт Сен 10 2009, 21:35

Speech Synthesis and Recognition
Wendy Holmes



Description:
With the growing impact of information technology on daily life, speech is becoming increasingly important for providing a natural means of communication between humans and machines. This extensively reworked and updated new edition of Speech Synthesis and Recognition is an easy-to-read introduction to current speech technology. Aimed at advanced undergraduates and graduates in electronic engineering, computer science and information technology, the book is also relevant to professional engineers who need to understand enough about speech technology to be able to apply it successfully and to work effectively with speech experts. No advanced mathematical ability is required and no specialist prior knowledge of phonetics or of the properties of speech signals is assumed. Speech Synthesis and Recognition: · Explains the complexity of speech communication · Describes mechanisms and models of human speech production and perception · Covers concatentive synthesis techniques and format synthesis by rule, as well as the processing required for synthesis from text · Introduces methods for automatic speech recognition by whole-word template matching and by statistical pattern matching using hidden Markov methods · Describes practical techniques that contribute to the successful implementation of speech recognition systems, including those for recognizing very large vocabularies · Includes chapters covering the related technologies of digital speech coding and automatic recognition of speaker characteristics · Discusses applications and performance of current speech technology Throughout the book the emphasis is on explaining underlying principles with sufficient but not unnecessary detail, so as to provide the reader with a thorough grounding in the problems and techniques in speech synthesis and recognition. This book is therefore ideal as an introduction before tackling more advanced texts.

CONTENTS
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 bot :: Чт Сен 10 2009, 21:46
Чт Сен 10 2009, 21:46

Developments in Speech Synthesis
Mark Tatham, Katherine Morton



Description:
With a growing need for understanding the process involved in producing and perceiving spoken language, this timely publication answers these questions in an accessible reference. Containing material resulting from many years’ teaching and research, Speech Synthesis provides a complete account of the theory of speech. By bringing together the common goals and methods of speech synthesis into a single resource, the book will lead the way towards a comprehensive view of the process involved in human speech. The book includes applications in speech technology and speech synthesis.

It is ideal for intermediate students of linguistics and phonetics who wish to proceed further, as well as researchers and engineers in telecommunications working in speech technology and speech synthesis who need a comprehensive overview of the field and who wish to gain an understanding of the objectives and achievements of the study of speech production and perception.

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 bot :: Чт Сен 10 2009, 21:58
Чт Сен 10 2009, 21:58

Text-to-Speech Synthesis
Paul Taylor



Description:
Text-to-Speech Synthesis provides a complete, end-to-end account of the process of generating speech by computer. Giving an in-depth explanation of all aspects of current speech synthesis technology, it assumes no specialized prior knowledge. Introductory chapters on linguistics, phonetics, signal processing and speech signals lay the foundation, with subsequent material explaining how this knowledge is put to use in building practical systems that generate speech. Including coverage of the very latest techniques such as unit selection, hidden Markov model synthesis, and statistical text analysis, explanations of the more traditional techniques such as format synthesis and synthesis by rule are also provided. Weaving together the various strands of this multidisciplinary field, the book is designed for graduate students in electrical engineering, computer science, and linguistics. It is also an ideal reference for practitioners in the fields of human communication interaction and telephony.

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 bot :: Чт Сен 10 2009, 22:16
Чт Сен 10 2009, 22:16

Improvements in Speech Synthesis
E. Keller, G. Bailly, A. Monaghan, and J. Terken



Description:
Naturalness in synthetic speech is one of the most intractable problems in information technology today. Although speech synthesis systems have improved considerably over the last 20 years, they rarely sound entirely like human speakers.

Why is this so, and what can be done about it?
Prosodic processing must be rendered more varied and more appropriate to the speech situation

Timing, melodic control and the relationships between the various prosodic parameters need increased attention

Signal processing systems must be developed and perfected that are capable of generating more than just one voice from a database

A better understanding must be achieved of what distinguishes one voice from another, and of how speech styles differ between simply reading aloud numbers and sentences and their use in interactive speech

New evaluation methodologies should be developed to provide objective and subjective measurements of the intelligibility of the synthetic speech and the cognitive load imposed upon the listener by impoverished stimuli

Adequate text markup systems must be proposed and tested with multiple languages in real-world situations

Further research is required to integrate speech synthesis systems into larger natural-language processing systems

Improvements in Speech Synthesis presents the latest research in the above areas. Contributors include speech synthesis specialists from 16 countries, with experience in the development of systems for 12 European languages. This volume emerges from a four-year European COST project focussed on "The Naturalness of Synthetic Speech", and will be a valuable text for everyone involved in speech synthesis.

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 bot :: Чт Сен 10 2009, 22:43
Чт Сен 10 2009, 22:43

Speech Acoustics and Phonetics: Selected Writings (Text, Speech and Language Technology)
Gunnar Fant



Description:
The overall aim of the book is to provide an integrated view of the separate stages of the speech chain, covering the production process, speech data analysis, and speech perception. Analyses of information bearing elements of the speech signal have found applications in linguistic theory and in the knowledge base of speech technology with special reference to speech synthesis.

The book contains 19 selected articles organized in 6 chapters: Speech research overview with a historical outline, Speech production and synthesis, The voice source, Speech analysis and features, Speech perception, Prosody.

Each chapter is preceded by an introduction including suggestions for additional reading. A list of all the author’s publications since 1945 is included. It is supplemented by an ordering in categories.
The articles have been selected to ensure representative coverage of the field. Some of them, primarily those on speech acoustics and the human voice source, have been previously published.
During the last 15 years, a major emphasis has been on speech prosody with several novel approaches. A recent major article provides a broad frame starting with aerodynamics and voice source properties, leading up to intonation analysis, prosodic grouping, and rules for text-to-speech synthesis. These are illustrated in an audio file. A novel feature introduced in analysis as well as synthesis is a parameter of perceived syllable and word prominence with acoustical correlates and ties to lexical categories.
The author was involved in early developments of distinctive feature theory together with Roman Jakobson and Morris Halle. Applications to Swedish are contained in the book.
A major issue in current phonology and phonetics has been the search for absolute invariance of speech features. However, with the growing insight into contextual variability, this remains a pseudo problem. In order to approach the essence of the speech code, we need to structure variability with respect to all possible contextual factors. As claimed by the author, this is not only a requirement for a sound development of general phonetics and phonology. It is also a prerequisite for realizing advanced aims of speech technology. Computer power cannot substitute fundamental knowledge of the human speech communication process.
The book should accordingly be of interest for several disciplines, not only speech technology, linguistics, phonetics, and acoustics, but also for psychology and physiology of speech and hearing with applications in medical science.

CONTENTS
Foreword vii
Preface ix
Introduction xi
List of selected articles xiii
1. Speech research overview 1
2. Speech production and synthesis 15
3. The voice source 93
4. Speech analysis and features 143
5. Speech perception 199
6. Prosody 221
Publication list 1945–2004 301
Reference categories 319

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 bot :: Чт Сен 17 2009, 00:37
Чт Сен 17 2009, 00:37

Multilingual Speech Processing
Tanja Schultz, Katrin Kirchhoff



Description:

Tanja Schultz and Katrin Kirchhoff have compiled a comprehensive overview of speech processing from a multilingual perspective. By taking this all-inclusive approach to speech processing, the editors have included theories, algorithms, and techniques that are required to support spoken input and output in a large variety of languages. This book presents a comprehensive introduction to research problems and solutions, both from a theoretical as well as a practical perspective, and highlights technology that incorporates the increasing necessity for multilingual applications in our global community.

Current challenges of speech processing and the feasibility of sharing data and system components across different languages guide contributors in their discussions of trends, prognoses and open research issues. This includes automatic speech recognition and speech synthesis, but also speech-to-speech translation, dialog systems, automatic language identification, and handling non-native speech. The book is complemented by an overview of multilingual resources, important research trends, and actual speech processing systems that are being deployed in multilingual human-human and human-machine interfaces.

Researchers and developers in industry and academia with different backgrounds but a common interest in multilingual speech processing will find an excellent overview of research problems and solutions detailed from theoretical and practical perspectives.

* State-of-the-art research with a global perspective by authors from the USA, Asia, Europe, and South Africa
* The only comprehensive introduction to multilingual speech processing currently available
* Detailed presentation of technological advances integral to security, financial, cellular and commercial applications

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 bot :: Чт Сен 24 2009, 23:38
Чт Сен 24 2009, 23:38

Анализ, синтез и восприятие речи
Дж. Фланаган



В монографии Дж.Фланагана, известного американского ученого, подробно рассматриваются широкий круг вопросов, связанных со свойствами речи как переносчика информации, основные ее параметры, проблемы анализа, синтеза и автоматического распознавания. Оцениваются характеристики каналов речевой связи. Большое внимание уделяется рассмотрению проблем синтетической телефонии; описываются различные вокодеры, полувокодеры и другие способы и методы сокращения полосы частот, занимаемой речью.
Книга найдет многих читателей не только среди специалистов в области техники связи, но также среди математиков-кибернетиков, физиологов, лингвистов, филологов, акустиков и других специалистов, имеющих дело с техникой передачи, приема, хранения, исследования речевых сигналов и использования их для управления машинами.

ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ
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 bot :: Чт Сен 24 2009, 23:58
Чт Сен 24 2009, 23:58

Схемы синтезаторов речи
Кристиан Тавернье



В книге представлено описание и принципиальные схемы некоторых устройств, таких как схема музыкальной паузы для телефона, голосовой сигнал тревоги или бескассетный телефонный автоответчик.
Наряду с этим здесь можно найти и автономные модули, предназначенные для работы в составе других схем и устройств, которые необходимо озвучить. Для изготовления предложенных схем не требуется ни специальных систем разработки, ни компьютера, поэтому рекомендации, приведенные в данном издании, будут полезны не только специалистам в области речевого синтеза, но и радиолюбителям.

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 bot :: Пт Сен 25 2009, 19:45
Пт Сен 25 2009, 19:45

Expression in Speech: Analysis and Synthesis
Mark Tatham, Katherine Morton



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 bot :: Пн Сен 28 2009, 20:47
Пн Сен 28 2009, 20:47

Applications of Digital Signal Processing to Audio and Acoustics
Mark Kahrs, Karlheinz Brandenburg



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Синтез речи и обработка звука

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